Besides Subrip/SRT, Subtitle Edit can also convert subtitle formats like PAC, STL, TTML XML, Timed Text, DVD subtitles, and more.
Converting an SRT file to an INTEROP/SMPTE XML DCP subtitle file in Subtitle Edit
Choose the D-cinema XML 2010 or 2014 format
In the Toolbar choose
- Format: D-Cinema SMPTE 2010 or SMPTE 2014. SMPTE 2014 is required to pass some DCP validation tools.
- Encoding: UTF-8 with BOM
Change the XML properties
File – DcinemaSmpte2010 or DcinemaSmpte2014 properties
Choose Movie title and reel number
- Make one XML for each reel with the correct reel nr.
Generate unique UUIDs
- Click on the Subtitle ID Generate ID button
- Click on the URI Generate button
Choose Edit Rate and Time Code Rate
- Change it to the frame rate of the DCP
- Choose 25 FPS to get a 25 FPS time code when making a 25 FPS SMPTE DCP. Because the timecode is frame-based it is important to change it in subtitle edit and not manually.
Choose Top/bottom margin and font size
- MinimumTop/bottom margin value: 8. 10 are also used.
- Default font size: 42. 38 – 40 are also used.
Arial.ttf is the normal subtitle font. The max size is 640 KB.
Rename the font to the font URI UUID that was generated.
Rename arial.ttf to 03048fd9-d51c-4050-bfbe-933320810bdd and place it in the same folder as the XML file.
Choose Color, Effect, and Effect Color
Color is usually white (FFFFFFFF). Some use a warmer white to match the white point used in the movie.
The default effect in SMPTE 2014 is shadow.
Effect color is usually black
Choose Fade up/down Time
The default is 0
Save the XML
To activate the Dcinema properties, make a change in the subtitles. Then save the XML, and change it back.
- File – Save as
- Format D-Cinema SMPTE 2010 XML
Example SMPTE 2014 XML
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <SubtitleReel xmlns="http://www.smpte-ra.org/schemas/428-7/2014/DCST"> <Id>urn:uuid:9d19361f-72d5-4829-93b8-4a6b57e2f34c</Id> <ContentTitleText>test</ContentTitleText> <AnnotationText>This is a subtitle file</AnnotationText> <IssueDate>2021-10-17T09:25:42</IssueDate> <ReelNumber>1</ReelNumber> <Language>en</Language> <EditRate>25 1</EditRate> <TimeCodeRate>25</TimeCodeRate> <StartTime>00:00:00:00</StartTime> <LoadFont ID="Arial">urn:uuid:3dec6dc0-39d0-498d-97d0-928d2eb78391</LoadFont> <SubtitleList> <Font ID="Arial" Size="40" Weight="normal" Color="FFFFFFFF" Effect="shadow" EffectColor="FF000000"> <Subtitle SpotNumber="1" FadeUpTime="00:00:00:00" FadeDownTime="00:00:00:00" TimeIn="00:00:01:00" TimeOut="00:00:03:00"> <Text Vposition="14" Valign="bottom" Halign="center" Direction="ltr">test</Text> <Text Vposition="8" Valign="bottom" Halign="center" Direction="ltr">test</Text> </Subtitle> </Font> </SubtitleList> </SubtitleReel>
Passing DCP Validation tools
To pass validation in DCP validation tools like Wailua and Easydcp the XML need to follow specific rules
Short xmlns schema
ST 428-7:2014 uses only the short xmlns schema and this is required by some DCP validation tools
Issue date without UTC timezone
Using Issue Date in this format yyyy-mm-ddThh:mm:ss instead of the UTC timezone used in the example in ST 428-7:2014 is required by some DCP validation tools.
Each XML file must have the correct reel number
Every reel in a DCP must have subtitle XML if one reel has one.
Use a XML with a blank subtitle in logo reels .
Start time must be 00:00:00:00
RDD-52 Validation rules
To pass RDD-52: validation in Easydcp and other tools you need to follow some rules:
A minimum duration of 15 frames with a minimum duration of 2 frames between Subtitle instances
7.2.5 Spot Duration All Subtitle instances as defined In SMPTE ST 428-7 should have a minimum duration of 15 frames with a minimum duration of 2 frames between Subtitle instances. Note: It is advised to avoid using persistent subtitles where possible, instead opting for a repetitive Subtitle instance within the SubtitleList as defined In SMPTE ST 428-7.RDD-52
4 second before first subtitle
7.2.4 First Timed Text Event The composition’s first Timed Text event’s TimeIn attribute as defined In SMPTE ST 428-7 should be greater than or equal to the value of 00:00:04:ZeroE (four  seconds). Note: In a multi-reel composition, this only applies to the first reel. This is to accommodate the average buffer size of a wide range of rendering devices.RDD-52
Recommended limit of 52 characters per line
7.2.7 Main Subtitle Line Treatment (Informational) Assuming common Font attributes are used, each Subtitle instance as defined In SMPTE ST 428-7, intended for usage as DisplayType:MainSubtitle should have a recommended limit of fifty-two  characters per line but should not exceed seventy-nine  characters per line. Each Subtitle instance should also have a maximum of three  lines.RDD-52
Adding the XML to a DCP
To add an SMPTE 2010/2014 XML subtitle file to an SMPTE DCP, you need a folder with the XML file and font.
When the DCP is made the XML file and font will be combined into an MXF file.
In an Interop DCP, the XML file and Font are placed in a subfolder when the DCP is made.
The properties for Interop TI DLP are similar to SMPTE 2010/2014.
It does not have Edit Rate and Time Code Rate and the Font URI is just Arial.ttf
Changing font size manually
When the font is 42 and the bottom margin is 8, Subtitle Edit uses 6 percent between the two subtitle lines. They are on 8/14.
If you choose 40, Subtitle Edit changes them to 5 percent apart so they are on 8/13.
If you want font size 40 and 8/14 lines you can edit the XML in a text editor like BBEdit (mac) or notepad ++(win)
Moving subtitles up and to the sides
If you want to move a subtitle up, to avoid hitting a burned-in title you can edit the XML:
to something like
The vposition formatting will reset if you edit the XML again in Subtitle Edit.
To move subtitles to the sides you can use space/whitespace.
To move the text to the right use space before the text:
<Text Vposition="8" Valign="bottom" Halign="center" Direction="ltr"> test</Text>
To move text to the left use space after the text:
<Text Vposition="8" Valign="bottom" Halign="center" Direction="ltr">test </Text>